Solomon’s Seal

13 Apr

Solomon’s Seal (Polygonatum odoratum), winter deciduous, arching growth to 2-3 feet in height, spreads slowly by underground rhizomes, small bell shaped white flowers hang from stems, filtered shade, likes moisture, does not like to be moved.

Slowly spreading rhizomes send up arching stems clothed in bright green, broadly oval leaves arranged in nearly horizontal planes. Where leaves join stems, pairs or clusters of small, bell-shaped greenish white flowers appear in spring or early summer, hanging beneath the stems on threadlike stalks. Small blue-black berries may follow flowers. Leaves and stems turn bright yellow in autumn before plant dies to the ground. Attractive in woodland gardens. Grow in loose, woodsy soil. Can remain in place for years; to increase your plantings, dig rhizomes from clump edges in early spring and replant. Good in containers.

Polygonatum odoratum is native to Europe, Asia. To 1 1/2–3 1/2 ft. tall, 2 ft. wide, with 4–6-in. leaves. Flowers are fragrant, usually borne in pairs but sometimes singly.

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